【面试题】array_merge 和 array+ 的区别

首先来看看键名是 string,两者区别:

<?php
$arr1 = array('a'=>'PHP');
$arr2 = array('a'=>'PYTHON');
print_r(array_merge($arr1,$arr2)); //Array ( [a] => PYTHON ) 如果键名为字符,且键名相同,array_merge()后面数组元素值会覆盖前面数组元素值
print_r($arr1+$arr2); //Array ( [a] => PHP )如果键名为字符,且键名相同,数组相加会将最先出现的值作为结果

//再比如
$arr1 = array('a'=>'1','b'=>'2');
$arr2 = array('a'=>'1','b'=>'3','c'=>'2');
$ret = array_merge($arr1,$arr2);
print_r($ret);//Array ( [a] => 1 [b] => 3 [c] => 2 )
$ret = $arr1+$arr2;
print_r($ret);//Array ( [a] => 1 [b] => 2 [c] => 2 )

如果键名是数字,两者区别:

<?php
$arr1 = array("JAVA","PHP");
$arr2 = array("PYTHON","PHP");
print_r(array_merge($arr1,$arr2));//Array ( [0] => JAVA [1] => PHP [2] => PYTHON [3] => PHP ) 如果键名为数字,array_merge()不会进行覆盖
print_r($arr1+$arr2);//Array ( [0] => JAVA [1] => PHP )如果键名为数字,数组相加会将最先出现的值作为结果,后面键名相同的会被抛弃

//再比如

$arr1 = array(1=>'1',2=>'2');
$arr2 = array(1=>'1',2=>'3',8=>'2');

$ret = array_merge($arr1,$arr2);
print_r($ret);//Array ( [0] => 1 [1] => 2 [2] => 1 [3] => 3 [4] => 2 ) 如果数组中的键名为数字时,会格式化键名并保留所有键值。

//再比如
$arr1 = array(1,2);
$arr2 = array(1,2,8);

$ret = array_merge($arr1,$arr2);
print_r($ret);//Array ( [0] => 1 [1] => 2 [2] => 1 [3] => 2 [4] => 8 )
?>

特别要注意

如何最有效的获取字符键名相同值不同的两个数组值集合呢

$arr1 = array("a"=>"PHP","C"); $arr2 = array("a"=>"JAVA","C","PYTHON");
print_r(array_merge_recursive($arr1,$arr2)); //Array ( [a] => Array ( [0] => PHP [1] => JAVA ) [0] => C [1] => C [2] => PYTHON )
转载:https://learnku.com/articles/26199
Last modification:May 6th, 2019 at 02:27 pm
如果觉得我的文章对你有用,请随意赞赏

Leave a Comment